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Artificial satellites, Astronautics, History

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SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SUN, Satellites and the Beginning of the Space Age
Copyright for the book, including research notes, Copernicus/Springer Verlag (New York)

History of artificial satellites
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p282

Rejections of the Hughes Proposal
From Maj. Gen. Marcus Cooper, Air Research and Development Command, to Allen Puckett on 3 January 1961: "Since your 3 November visit here ... analyzed in detail the Hughes Aircraft Company proposal for a synchronous altitude active communication satellite. In general their findings reveal that the proposal is technically marginal in several respects, and tends to be overly optimistic..." Cooper goes on to say that in view of the results expected from Advent, he did not think that "we should proceed further with the Hughes proposal at this time."

From E.G.Witting, deputy director of research and development, to Mr.J.Bartz, assistant manager, for contracts, writing on October 11, 1960, in response to a letter from HAC of April 22, 1960. Witting writes, "Your proposal has been thoroughly evaluated by the Army, and it has been determined that the project would not meet the present requirements of the Army for intercontinental communications."

Documents that contributed to the general framework of the chapter:

"Syncom (Interim Communication Satellite) Chronology," possibly prepared in the spring or summer of 1963, giving dates of John Rubel's involvement with Syncom between 10 April 1961 and 6 February 1963.

Advent chronology from 14 April 1960 to December 1961 (John Rubel's papers).

Policy statement for exploitation of HAC communication satellite, undated and unsigned.

Preliminary history of the Origins of Syncom, by Edward W Morse (NASA Historical Note No. 44) September 1,1964. Some aspects of this report, about agreements between NASA and the DoD for instance, confirm details in earlier chapters in this section (John Rubel's papers).

Although John Rubel was interested in Syncom, others in the Office of Defense Research and Engineering were less keen. Dr. Eugene Fubini, for

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