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History of artificial satellitesBOOK FOR
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p234PrologueThe primary source of material for the prologue (also for chapters two, three, and eleven) is the archival material about the International Geophysical Year stored at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC.Of particular importance were minutes of the USNC Committee of the IGY; minutes of the Executive Committee of the IGY, and the minutes of the Technical Panel on Rocketry. The account of James Van Allen's dinner party (page 1) comes from an oral history given by Dr. Van Allen to David DeVorkin in February, June, July, and August of 1981 for the National Air and Space Museum.Observations about Lloyd Berkner's character were pieced together from impressions gained by reading minutes of IGY committee meetings (page 1). His name crops up in records for communications and meteorology satellites and in the development of early U.S. space policy. The biographical files at the NASA History Office describe a naval officer who, when he died, was buried with full military honors and someone who opposed scientific secrecy. Besides being the originator of the idea for the IGY, Berkner was president of the International Council of Scientific Unions.Drawer 1 of the archives of the National Academy of Sciences contains program proposals for the IGY, including one from Paul Siple highlighting concerns then felt about global warming (page 3).Drawer 2 of the NAS archives contains the minutes of the first meeting of the U.S. National Committee for the IGY held 26-27 March 1953. Also in drawer 2 are to be found tentative proposals for the IGY 1957-1958 prepared by the USNC for the IGY, 13 May 1953 (page 3).The anecdote that administration officials said, "Joe, go home," was related by Kaplan himself in a speech to mark the tenth anniversary of Explorer (page 4). A copy of the speech was among Verner Suomi's papers.The account of what happened in Rome in 1954 and the budget figures for the IGY are found in Vanguard—A History, by Constance Green and
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history, astronautics, astronautics, satellites, history, astronautics, politics.Page text content checked against original in print by HG on 1st may, 2013